​Prototipo de Vivienda Rural - House Decades

​Prototipo de Vivienda Rural

The architectural proposal emerged based on research conducted by our team at 7 police stations that formed the Municipality of Motul. During this process, we had the opportunity to interview 20 families and learn about the history of their homes, the dynamics of family growth, spatial functions, and traditional and current construction systems in the region. After the investigation process, we conducted a survey of the houses visited to analyze it and make a diagnosis that allowed us to understand the family’s way of life. In this diagnosis we can observe that, despite various formal and constructive modifications, the vernacular tradition of Maya housing in space and operation of these spaces is maintained. The project contemplates, spatially, an architectural program consisting of three fields – habitable modules + services + terraces – that respond to regional usage and customs.

Livable Module: This is the main body of the house and consists of a multipurpose and multifunctional room that has a different character throughout the day: during the morning and evening, it is a public area and a living room. At night, it functions as a private bedroom.

Terrace: Because the house in the municipality of Motul does not only consist of built spaces, there are two terraces containing cooking, eating and living activities, which are traditionally carried out in outdoor spaces. In addition to the activities mentioned, on the terrace the habit of having fruit and vegetable trees is still maintained. Functionally, the terrace is a transitional space (daytime) between the public area and the private (service) area of ​​the house.

Nucleus of Services: They are the private area of ​​the house and adjacent to the terrace. Because of their permeability, they are considering the possibility of using a gas stove or stove.

Functionally, this house takes the basic proportion of Maya’s house to create space comfortable that allows hanging the hammock properly. In addition, progressivity housing and family growth in the plot. In other words, this project contemplates the possibility of developing minimum interior costs and livable modules around shared service core, as it does Nowadays there are naturally many. This strategy allows families to invest only in useful space and necessary, avoiding program duplication and increasing costs. The construction system proposes the use of materials buildings such as wood and huano in the roof structure, which are preferred, besides having adequate space for hot climate in the region, blowing up local production chains and storing traditional constructive knowledge they risk disappearing. The use of industrial materials such as beams, meets the needs The original sanctuary was destroyed by residents in the face of storms and the high cost of making local stone.

More Images: